What is atrial fibrillation and how should it be treated?

Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in Spain and in the world and is one of the most important causes of cerebral infarction, heart failure, sudden death and cardiovascular problems.

It is a heart rhythm disorder that causes the heartbeat to be irregular, inappropriately fast and not adapted to the needs of the body. This rhythm disorder results, among other things, in the formation of clots in the heart and in the clots that can produce emboli in the brain or other organs.

One in every four middle-aged adults in Europe and the United States will have atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is becoming more frequent, due in part to better detection and partly because the factors that predispose to suffer it, such as advanced age, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, are increasingly common in the general population.

It is estimated that in the year 2030 there will be between 14-17 million people with atrial fibrillation in the European Union, with between 120,000-215,000 new patients diagnosed each year. You can treat it by using eliquis. Eliquis cost is not much high at Prescription Hope due to available coupon.

What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation? Is it true that it often produces no symptoms?

Atrial fibrillation can produce many symptoms or even in some cases, be asymptomatic. The most frequent symptom is palpitations, that is, patients notice the heartbeat quickly and irregularly. It can also produce a feeling of shortness of breath, chest pain, decreased ability to exercise, difficulty sleeping, etc.

What are its causes, why does this irregularity appear in the heart rate?

There are numerous factors that predispose to atrial fibrillation. Age, arterial hypertension and cardiovascular diseases in general are the factors that are most associated with its appearance.

Can atrial fibrillation appear at any age, be it in men or women?

Cases of atrial fibrillation increase with age. It is somewhat less frequent in women than in men although the risk of death due to complications of the arrhythmia is slightly higher in women.

What complications can it cause?

The main complication is stroke (stroke) due to clots that form in the heart when it has atrial fibrillation and would not form if the arrhythmia was not present. Another major complication is the development of heart failure, which occurs in 1 in 3 of patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation during follow-up. Atrial fibrillation and heart failure coexisting in the same patient doubles mortality.

How is it diagnosed?

Atrial fibrillation requires the documentation of the arrhythmia in an electrocardiogram for its diagnosis. Prolonged monitoring with electrocardiographic recordings improves detection.

How is it treated?

Atrial fibrillation can be treated with antiarrhythmic drugs or with ablation. An ablation is a cardiac catheterization with which the pulmonary veins are isolated. Ablation has better results than pharmacological treatment to prevent new episodes of arrhythmia. Patients should be evaluated by a cardiologist specialist in arrhythmias, who will indicate which is the best treatment option. Another option is eliquis medicine. Eliquis coupon is available on the Prescription Hope at best rates.